2017 cow slaughter on track to maintain herd size

The data reveal that cow slaughter in 2017 is on track to hold the nation’s cowherd at level with or slightly larger than 2016. However, as weaning wraps up, will more cull cows come to town?

Nevil Speer

October 24, 2017

2 Min Read
2017 cow slaughter on track to maintain herd size

This column has previously highlighted the importance of the beef cow slaughter rate to next year’s beef cow inventory. Based on data between 1987 and 2016, the equilibrium slaughter rate runs around 9.3%. In other words, bigger slaughter, as a percentage of the cowherd, means a smaller cowherd in the following year, while a rate slower than 9.3% spells likely expansion. The data are fairly reliable with only a few outliers (1993, 2015 and 2016). 

Within that analysis, it’s important to monitor slaughter rate on a quarterly basis. That enables us to look ahead to January 1 with some sense of certainty about net changes in cow inventory through the year. Accordingly, this week’s data reflects two items.

First, the average monthly beef cow slaughter rate during the previous 30 years is applied to the 2017. For example, the average January slaughter rate in the previous 30 years has run right around 0.82%; the respective monthly averages are subsequently applied to the 2017 annual base. The annual total – 2.91 million – is equivalent to 9.3% of the 2017 starting inventory.    

Second, the data also reflect what’s actually occurred to date in 2017. Through the third quarter, beef producers have culled 2.034 million cows, compared with an expected steady-state slaughter equaling 2.094 million head.  Therefore, slaughter is running 60,000 cows behind the historical expectation for equilibrium.

Related:Cow slaughter nears long-term equilibrium. Has expansion stalled?


Thus far, it appears beef producers have indeed reached somewhat of an equilibrium point in terms of cow inventory; growth is occurring, albeit at a very tepid rate. As such, it’s likely we’ll end up with a January 1, 2018 inventory similar to slightly larger compared with 2017.

What’s your plan for fall cow slaughter?  How do you perceive this trend playing out during the last three months of the year? Leave your thoughts in the comment section below.   

Nevil Speer is based in Bowling Green, Ky. The views and opinions of the author expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the TMX Group Limited and Natural Gas Exchange Inc.

About the Author(s)

Nevil Speer

Nevil Speer serves as an industry consultant and is based in Bowling Green, KY.

Nevil Speer has extensive experience and involvement with the livestock and food industry including various service and consultation projects spanning such issues as market competition, business and economic implications of agroterrorism, animal identification, assessment of price risk and market volatility on the producer segment, and usage of antibiotics in animal agriculture.
Dr. Speer writes about many aspects regarding agriculture and the food industry with regular contribution to BEEF and Feedstuffs.  He’s also written several influential industry white papers dealing with issues such as changing business dynamics in the beef complex, producer decision-making, and country-of-origin labeling.
He serves as a member of the Board of Directors for the National Institute for Animal Agriculture.
Dr. Speer holds both a PhD in Animal Science and a Master’s degree in Business Administration.

Contact him at [email protected].

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