Warm spring weather could mean corn can gain ground from soybeans.

Nevil Speer

March 23, 2017

2 Min Read
2017 corn crop production potential

The grain market will be anxiously anticipating USDA’s Prospective Plantings report due out March 31. This is the market’s first adjustment to new acreage numbers since USDA’s first stab in late February at the agency’s Outlook Forum. USDA’s corn acreage estimate going into March was pegged at 90 million acres, while soybean plantings were guessed to be 88 million acres.  

However, weather has been extremely favorable through much of the United States. Warm weather enables earlier plantings and generates the desire to get started to get a crop in the ground. If that’s the case, corn acres could begin to make gains against soybeans. Meanwhile, there’s the enduring tug-of-war around acres—the never-ending chore of monitoring inputs, markets, and profit potential of corn versus soybeans.

This week’s illustration provides a guide for where we may end up in terms of total production, based on some basic assumptions. The graph depicts production potential at various planted acreage (88.5, 89.5, 90.5 and 91.5 mil acres, respectively) and varying yield estimates, with 167.5 bushels per acre being the trendline guess for 2017. All of the production estimates assume 91.5% harvested acreage.

As noted in previous Industry At A Glance columns, the initial forecast for 90 million planted acres, equaling 82.35 million harvested acres, and 167.5 bushels per acre results in total production around 13.8 billion bushels. That’s right in line with the four-year average total use. Thus, carryover would remain relatively steady going into 2018.  

Related:Crop outlook: Does King Corn still rule?


What are your expectations around the initial 90 million acres? Do you think we’ll end up with more or less planted corn acres in USDA’s upcoming prospective plantings report? Will 2017 be another surprise year for yield – or will we produce right at trendline estimates? Are you making any purchasing and/or marketing decisions at this stage of the game? Leave your thoughts in the comments section below.

Nevil Speer is based in Bowling Green, Ky., and serves as vice president of U.S. operations for AgriClear, Inc. – a wholly-owned subsidiary of TMX Group Limited. The views and opinions of the author expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the TMX Group Limited and Natural Gas Exchange Inc.

About the Author(s)

Nevil Speer

Nevil Speer serves as an industry consultant and is based in Bowling Green, KY.

Nevil Speer has extensive experience and involvement with the livestock and food industry including various service and consultation projects spanning such issues as market competition, business and economic implications of agroterrorism, animal identification, assessment of price risk and market volatility on the producer segment, and usage of antibiotics in animal agriculture.
Dr. Speer writes about many aspects regarding agriculture and the food industry with regular contribution to BEEF and Feedstuffs.  He’s also written several influential industry white papers dealing with issues such as changing business dynamics in the beef complex, producer decision-making, and country-of-origin labeling.
He serves as a member of the Board of Directors for the National Institute for Animal Agriculture.
Dr. Speer holds both a PhD in Animal Science and a Master’s degree in Business Administration.

Contact him at [email protected].

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