Do U.S. beef exports to Canada and Mexico matter?

Beef will likely be part of the retaliatory mix in the COOL scuffle.

Nevil Speer

December 17, 2015

2 Min Read
Do U.S. beef exports to Canada and Mexico matter?

The World Trade Organization’s (WTO) December COOL ruling is a significant development for the U.S beef industry. The WTO authorized Canada and Mexico to impose retaliatory tariffs of more than $1 billion on a wide variety of U.S. goods--$780 and $230 million, respectively.

It’s likely that beef will be part of the retaliatory mix. That’s important because the two countries are key markets for the U.S. beef industry. Cumulatively, the NAFTA partners generated $1.3 billion in revenue for the U.S. beef industry in 2014 and represent roughly one-third of the U.S. beef industry’s total export market.  

Nevertheless, assignment of $1 billion in retaliatory tariffs can be somewhat elusive from a practical standpoint. As such, this week’s illustration provides some “boots on the ground” perspective.  

value of u.s. exports to canada

Export activity is roughly equal between Canada and Mexico and combined, equates to approximately $100 per head for every fed steer and heifer marketed out of U.S. feedyards. Surprisingly, through October, that $100 per head trade number has remained steady in 2015 despite a markedly stronger U.S. dollar – further underscoring the importance of trade activity with the two countries. From a market perspective, $100 per head is equivalent to $7.50 per cwt for a 1,350 pound steer.

What’s your perspective of the impact of the WTO ruling for the beef industry? How do you foresee the tariffs being assigned and the according pressure from other industries to repeal COOL as they feel the impact of the retaliatory tariffs on their bottom line? Where do you perceive beef trade with Canada and Mexico headed in the year(s) to come?  

Leave your thoughts in the comments section below.    

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About the Author(s)

Nevil Speer

Nevil Speer serves as an industry consultant and is based in Bowling Green, KY.

Nevil Speer has extensive experience and involvement with the livestock and food industry including various service and consultation projects spanning such issues as market competition, business and economic implications of agroterrorism, animal identification, assessment of price risk and market volatility on the producer segment, and usage of antibiotics in animal agriculture.
Dr. Speer writes about many aspects regarding agriculture and the food industry with regular contribution to BEEF and Feedstuffs.  He’s also written several influential industry white papers dealing with issues such as changing business dynamics in the beef complex, producer decision-making, and country-of-origin labeling.
He serves as a member of the Board of Directors for the National Institute for Animal Agriculture.
Dr. Speer holds both a PhD in Animal Science and a Master’s degree in Business Administration.

Contact him at [email protected].

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