Industry At A Glance: Carcasses grading Prime & Choice hit a record-high

The percentage of cattle grading Prime and Choice combined to 75% for the first time in recent history.

Nevil Speer

March 12, 2015

2 Min Read
Industry At A Glance: Carcasses grading Prime & Choice hit a record-high

The past several weeks have marked a significant accomplishment for the beef industry. That is, the percentage of the fed steer/heifer slaughter achieving the Choice grade has surpassed 70%. Meanwhile, the percentage of cattle grading Prime is consistently running near 5%. In combination, the grading mix of the fed steer and heifer population has eclipsed 75% for the first time in recent history.

The last time the industry achieved that type of performance was in the early 1970s. From a long-run perspective, the 2011 National Beef Quality Audit outlined historical combined Prime and Choice percentages as follows: 

  • 1974 – 74%

  • 1991 – 55%

  • 1995 – 49%

  • 2000 – 51%

  • 2005 – 55%

  • 2011 – 61%

Nevertheless, the performance in recent weeks isn’t a fluke. It’s merely a continuation of a long-standing trend.

weekly grading percentage of choice and prime carcasses

The beef industry has been highly committed during the past 20 years to improving the quality and consistency of beef products. The business has becoming increasingly effective at incentivizing producers along the way to become more consumer-centric. Producers have responded accordingly. It has all resulted in widespread strategic changes with respect to breeding systems, genetics and management systems to achieve the grading trend outlined in the graph.

Clearly, that’s been an important development. Improved quality and consistency keeps consumers coming back – they’re more likely to make repeat purchases with little or no hesitation. And most important, when that occurs, it allows for improved pricing power – as the beef industry has witnessed during the past 15 months or so.

How do you perceive this trend with respect to the industry and/or consumers? Where do you foresee the quality grade mix ultimately landing? Have we hit a plateau with the current cattle mix or can this number go higher yet? What might be the implications if we continue to ratchet even higher? Leave your thoughts in the comments section below.

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About the Author(s)

Nevil Speer

Nevil Speer serves as an industry consultant and is based in Bowling Green, KY.

Nevil Speer has extensive experience and involvement with the livestock and food industry including various service and consultation projects spanning such issues as market competition, business and economic implications of agroterrorism, animal identification, assessment of price risk and market volatility on the producer segment, and usage of antibiotics in animal agriculture.
Dr. Speer writes about many aspects regarding agriculture and the food industry with regular contribution to BEEF and Feedstuffs.  He’s also written several influential industry white papers dealing with issues such as changing business dynamics in the beef complex, producer decision-making, and country-of-origin labeling.
He serves as a member of the Board of Directors for the National Institute for Animal Agriculture.
Dr. Speer holds both a PhD in Animal Science and a Master’s degree in Business Administration.

Contact him at [email protected].

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