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Articles from 2003 In September

Charolais Debut Web-Based Terminal Sire Profitability Index

The Internet-based, interactive tool is freely accessible to the public at:


The selection tool allows producers to utilize economic and management descriptions of their ranching operation, along with expected progeny differences (EPD) on available Charolais bulls, to assist in identifying the most profitable sires for their unique operation.

"The challenge the beef industry is faced with in today's beef business is that we're building a system of rewards and discounts based on carcass merit and other traits but haven't made available enough of the right kind of tools that aid selection for the right kind of cattle to be profitable in those systems," says Robert Williams, AICA's director of breed improvement and foreign marketing. "To do this, we must provide economically derived tools that are based on multi-trait selection. The AICA Terminal Sire Profitability Index does just that."

Using economic selection index theory, the AICA tool will generate dollar indexes per terminal progeny produced on bulls in the AICA database, ranking them for profit potential given the inputs provided by the user, AICA says. The dollar indexes are to be interpreted much like single-trait EPDs. For example, if sire A's index is $110.50 and sire B's index is $115, then we would expect Sire B's offspring to average $4.50 more net return ($115 - $110.50) than sire A's offspring.

BEEF Magazine Introduces BEEF Stocker Trends Newsletter

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in the "Cow Calf Links" section in the upper left hand column of the opening page.

BEEF Stocker Trends

is an every-other-week publication that will run through November. The newsletter contains forward-looking news and analysis, as well as market reports and advice. Check out previous issues by clicking on "

BEEF Stocker Trends

Weekly Archive" in the "Cow Calf Links" section of


BEEF Stocker Trends

is the latest tool from


magazine editors to help keep stocker operators abreast of the market and the sector. Almost two years ago, we launched, in cooperation with Kansas State University,

, the industry's most comprehensive Internet source for stocker segment production and management information.

In Even These Best Of Times, Retain A Little Skepticism

With feeder cattle and fed-cattle prices hovering around all-time highs, optimism is the driving force in the market these days. The optimism has people openly talking about $90/cwt. fed cattle, with some claiming that the industry has moved into a permanently higher trading range for all classes of cattle. The exciting thing is that a large percentage of this optimism is justified.

Demand has been tremendous domestically, the export markets appear to be rebounding and the U.S. has been able to capitalize on Canada's loss of markets due to its single case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Thus, the demand outlook for the short term will undoubtedly remain strong. The checkoff has been quite successful both in changing consumer perceptions of beef and in helping bring new products to the marketplace. Plus, there's the significant boost administered by the growing popularity of the Atkins diet. In addition, the success of a multitude of branded products, coupled with an industry focusing on carcass quality and consistency, has undoubtedly helped bolster demand. Projections are for the economy to continue to grow in the near term, as well.

However, there are some caution flags that producers should be aware of on the demand front.

  • With oil prices on the rise, there's potential for the fragile U.S. economy to be sidetracked.
  • As the price spread between beef and its competitors (pork and poultry) continues to widen, we will eventually reach a point where the retail industry will shift their featuring to these products.
  • Longer term, the industry may lose its ability to grow demand if the checkoff is ultimately ruled unconstitutional. In addition, with loss of the checkoff, it's likely that our more integrated competitors would again begin to erode beef's growing market share.
  • Even though the export market has been the driver for increased beef demand for more than 20 years, there's reason for anxiety in this area. For instance, the U.S. beef industry is well behind the rest of the world in terms of developing and employing the animal identification and traceback mechanisms that the export market is increasingly demanding.
  • And, of course, there's always the specter of BSE turning up in the U.S. One must remember that a four-letter word -- luck -- was the main reason BSE was found in Canada and not in the U.S.

On the plus side, supply will be continue to be price supportive in the short term. We're currently in what should be the tightest supply period of this cattle cycle. Meanwhile, the feeding industry is extremely current. And, as expansion begins, feeder supplies will tighten even more.

That expansion is expected to start slowly, as prices this fall will encourage the selling of heifers as feeders rather than holding them back as replacements. However, continued improvement in genetics has given he industry the ability to increase tonnage rapidly by taking cattle to higher weights.

The cattle feeding industry is currently buying much higher breakevens. That leaves the industry less room for error in marketing cattle. If we lose currentness, tonnage and marketing leverage will shift, prices will fall, and the same cycle that we have been in for the last nine months could repeat itself -- in the opposite direction.

The industry should be enjoying these record prices, and there are substantive reasons to be excited about the future. However, at these lofty levels, it's also healthy to maintain a little skepticism and remember that managing risk is increasingly important.

The events of Sept. 11, 2001, unfounded rumors of foot-and-mouth disease in the U.S., and the discovery of BSE in Canada illustrate this aspect very well. All of these incidents had dramatic impacts on the marketplace and all were events that could not be planned for or anticipated.

The Dallas Roundup

Among the resolutions, amendments and directives passed in July at the Beef Industry Summer Conference in Dallas, TX, were:

  • Antibiotics and drugs for beef cattle: Because prudent, appropriate use of antibiotics and other modern compounds is essential to provide for the health and welfare of animals, NCBA supports actions based only on sound, peer-reviewed science and risk assessment relative to the use of antibiotics or other drugs.

  • Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD): NCBA requests immediate funding of research for alternative methods of FMD — other than depopulation — by the Department of Homeland Security and USDA.

  • Tuberculosis (TB): With four U.S. states having verified bovine tuberculosis (TB) within their borders, NCBA requests USDA reopen the TB rule for changes, including changes in the number of herds, type of operation and testing age.

    NCBA also will request USDA to ensure adequate funding to complete the TB eradication effort, in addition to funding new voluntary programs.

    Also, NCBA members support split-state status for Michigan.

  • Screwworm control: Eradication efforts have rid screwworm from the U.S., Mexico and Central America. NCBA members resolve to endorse evolving screwworm plans, favor the ongoing research on cryo-preservation, all male screwworm production, improved mass rearing techniques and procedures to quickly manage outbreaks. NCBA also insists that negotiations with Mexico and Panama ensure availability and access to requested screwworm flies, and that appropriate research programs continue undisrupted.

  • Polyether ionophores: The feeding of polyether ionophores (monensin, lasalocid, laidlomycin, etc.) to cattle increases feed efficiency and isn't a concern for antibiotic resistance in cattle or humans. NCBA strongly urges government agencies to reclassify the compounds to reflect their true function and discontinue their classification as antibiotics.

  • Conservation Reserve Program (CRP): NCBA is opposed to haying and grazing lands enrolled in the CRP program, except in drought or other emergency, the incidental grazing in conjunction with grazing contiguous crop residue or stubble on lands enrolled in continuous sign-up CRP or Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP), and in the case of a Natural Resource Conservation Service or Farm Service Agency determination that maintenance or management is required on land enrolled in CRP to maintain plant health and proper resource management.

    NCBA resolves that in all instances of grazing on lands enrolled in CRP, continuous sign-up CRP, or CREP, the payment be reduced by the value of the forage grazed. In addition, managed grazing on CRP lands should be permitted during the primary nesting and brood-rearing season.

  • Invasive species: NCBA members support legislation aimed at noxious weed and/or pest control but any effort should be done at the local level with federal/state funding and local input. Each producer group and/or area should determine what's harmful to that specific area and what non-native species are beneficial.

  • Livestock impoundment: Currently, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and U.S. Forest Service (USFS) are impounding and selling trespass livestock without judicial review to determine whether the BLM or USFS is in compliance with state brand inspection laws. NCBA urges BLM/USFS to seek a state district court order authorizing any livestock impoundment or seizure.

  • Preference redefined: NCBA supports the return of the definition of “Preference” to the pre-rangeland Reform 94 period. That intent directed government to recognize that the Taylor Grazing Act intended that these ranches hold a priority position for an actual number of adjudicated “Preference” level of federal animal unit months.

  • Renewable fuels standard: Directs NCBA policy staff to ask Congress to request a General Accounting Office study of the economic impact of the 5-billion-gal. renewable fuels mandate on the users of feed grains and other products derived from the ethanol industry. The goal is for publication of results by 2004.

  • Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) contract changes: NCBA members request the CME make the following changes to current specifications of the Live Cattle Futures Contract: Move upside weight specifications for carcass deliveries from 900 lbs. to 950 lbs. and for live animal deliveries from 1,400 lbs. to 1,450 lbs.; Eliminate the 100-lb. delivery discount but maintain current rules that eliminate from delivery animals weighing 200 lbs. over or under the average weight of the load; Change current USDA premium/discount grids to trade volume weighted grids of premiums and discounts reflective of the average grid in use within the delivery area; To lessen livestock stress, allow scheduling of live deliveries throughout the day; Change the per delivery unit from “steers only” to steers and heifers; Certify Greeley, CO, as a delivery point.

For more information, contact NCBA's Washington, D.C., office at 202/347-0228.

Get Lucky

When it comes to milking the desired results from animal health products, cleanliness is indeed next to Godliness, while ignorance of the label directions is the devil's surest sucker punch.

You think you've got it tough, processing the last load of green, put-together hopefuls for your stocker operation? Pity the chemists who painstakingly crafted the animal health product. First, they devote years to developing and testing the product. Then, they jump through more years of approval hoops.

All this just so cousin Fred's kid, who came to help, can forget he stuffed some vaccine in his pockets this morning, after he forgot he'd left it sitting on the dash of the pickup yesterday. After he uses it tomorrow, you'll be howling how it was a waste of money.

“Once pharmaceutical and biological companies sell their products, they lose control of how the product is used and cared for,” explains Larry Hollis, DVM, M. Ag, a Kansas State University Extension veterinarian. “It then becomes the responsibility of the purchaser to see the product is handled and administered in such a way to maximize the potential benefits of the product.”

Basic as that sounds, there's no telling the money squandered on animal health products each year because the user didn't follow the directions.

In fact, University of Arkansas veterinarians say the most common reason for vaccine failure is that the user ignored label directions. Add the 30-40% of bovine respiratory disease vaccinates they estimate won't respond due to stress, illness or a sub-par immune system, and vaccines get blamed unfairly for plenty of manmade problems.

Sun, Speed and Settling

Even when producers read label directions and try to follow them to the letter, daily chaos can get in the way. Typically, these folks inadvertently crash the potential of vaccines and pharmaceuticals by trying to take a few shortcuts.

For instance, you know those brown bottles? They're colored for a reason.

“If products are in a brown bottle, the contents inside can be inactivated by sunlight,” says Hollis.

That applies to some products in clear bottles, too. The point is, even when producers shade the bottles, but then leave the syringe lying in the sun, all that preventive effort was wasted.

“All modified live viral (MLV) vaccines are susceptible to inactivation by sunlight,” says Hollis. “Sunlight will kill the vaccine in the syringe if it's exposed to sunlight for a few minutes.”

He suggests keeping the bottles in a cooler and out of the sunlight. If that's not available, use a cardboard box, laid on its side with the opening away from the sun, to shade the syringe.

Next on the list of avoidable product failure guarantees come time-saving techniques such as mixing up enough MLV product to last the morning and using spit and a pant leg to disinfect a dropped needle.

“Don't reconstitute (mix up) more MLV vaccine than you'll use in one hour,” Hollis advises. “As soon as it's reconstituted, the viral particles come to life, then gradually die. If you take too long to use it, enough virus may die to make the vaccine ineffective.”

For that matter, Hollis adds, “Keep vaccines thoroughly mixed until the bottle is completely used up. This is especially critical with non-clear vaccines such as blackleg. Suspended particles will settle out over time. And, to get vaccines into suspension swirl them gently to prevent damaging the cellular particles and/or releasing endotoxins.”

As for sanitation, Hollis recommends using sponges soaked with disinfectant in a plastic paint tray to disinfect needles between animals. Sticking the needle into the sponge physically cleans the needle, too. Change sponges when the one you've been poking starts to look dirty.

“Even when using injectable antibiotics, cleanliness is essential,” he says.

That said, Hollis emphasizes that disinfectants should never be used with MLV vaccines.

“It's safe to use disinfectants with killed vaccines, antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals, but disinfectant will kill the MLV vaccine,” Hollis points out. “Use sterile water to wash out the syringe and other equipment used with an MLV vaccine. Change needles at least every 10 head instead of using the disinfectant-soaked sponge.”

Finally, mixing ingredients, when ingredients aren't packaged together, can dissolve the most sincere plans. According to Hollis, “Mixing antibiotics together in the same syringe or bottle, as an example, can cause an obvious physical reaction or an unseen chemical one. Plus, some antibiotics work by conflicting modes of action, so mixing them may neutralize the activity of each one.”

Different vaccines should never be combined in the same syringe unless they're manufactured to be mixed together. “Otherwise one portion of your mix may inactivate the other,” he says.

Likewise, Hollis points out that water left in a syringe after a good cleaning, then inadvertently injected into the bottle of some products, such as some injectable avermectins, can cause the product to precipitate out. You'll see crystals form, rendering the product useless.

Bottom line, read the label and then follow it. “How you handle and administer a product will determine whether or not it has any chance to work in the animal,” Hollis says.

Proper Product Handling

  • Read the label.

  • If products require refrigeration, make certain they're refrigerated at purchase. Keep them refrigerated prior to use and while chuteside. Ice packs or a frozen 1-gal. jug of water inside an ice chest works well.

  • Be careful. Some products can be damaged if they freeze.

  • Follow temperature guidelines or products may be inactivated. The dashboard of a pickup exceeds room temperature quite regularly!

  • You can't always see physical changes that indicate heat or cold damage, so know how the product was cared for prior to use to ensure it will work as intended.

  • Mark all syringes by the product they contain while chuteside. A piece of masking tape, or colored tape (different color for each product), with the product name written on the tape with a Sharpie pen is ideal.

  • Don't pour injectable product from its original package into a larger container. Contamination is likely.

  • Never re-enter a bottle with a used needle. Put a new needle on the syringe each time you have to re-enter the bottle. Or, use a draw-off assembly and automatic refill syringe.

  • Change to clean equipment any time existing equipment gets dirty enough that it creates a risk for injection-site contamination.

  • Clean and disinfect syringes and equipment with clean water at the end of each day's use. Water from the horse tank is not proper cleaning!

Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) Guidelines

  • DO NOT inject products into top butt or leg. Inject all products in neck.

  • Use subcutaneous (SC) administration unless intramuscular (IM) is specified.

  • Select a clean area, or clean the area prior to injection.

  • Use the proper needle diameter. For water products, use an 18- or 16-ga. needle. Make sure you have adequate restraint to prevent needle breakage if you plan to use 18-ga. needles. For thicker products, use a 16-ga. needle. Never use a 14-ga. needle except for intravenous injections.

  • Use either ¾- or 1-in.-length needles for SC injections.

  • Use 1½-in.-length needles for IM injections in larger cattle. It may be necessary to restrict needle length to 1 in. in smaller calves to avoid hitting the bones in the neck.

  • Follow label or veterinarian's recommendations for proper dose.

  • Follow label instructions or maximum volume per injection site. Most are limited to 10-15 ml/site.

  • Space injection sites at least 4 in. apart, a normal hand's width.

  • Place injections side by side, not over one another, especially critical with SC injections where materials may gravitate together under the skin.

  • Observe withdrawal times.

Source: Larry Hollis, DVM, M. Ag, Kansas State University

For more stocker segment production information check out

Post-drought management Part III

Managing a farm or ranch is never easy, but it's especially difficult during drought and its aftermath. Integrated business planning (IBP) can help you work through the overload of information in formulating a drought recovery strategy targeted for today's markets and beyond.

IBP considers the farm or ranch business as a chain of three economic links: overhead, gross margin and turnover (business size). (See Figure 1.) There are only three ways to increase profits in any business: increase gross margins, decrease overhead costs or increase turnover.

  • Overhead costs are those that don't change as livestock numbers or crop acres go up or down. There are three kinds of overhead costs: land, labor/management and equipment. For analysis purposes, we often use the family living draw as a proxy for labor/management wage.

    Economists label overhead costs as fixed costs that are independent of the number of animals or crop acres, but overhead costs can be reduced. In fact, reducing overhead is an effective, often overlooked, way to increase post-drought profits.

  • Gross margin is a measure of the economic efficiency in your livestock and cropping profit centers. To determine where you're making your profits, break your business into profit centers and calculate the gross margin for each. Calculate that gross margin by subtracting that profit center's direct costs of production from its gross income.

    Gross profit is the sum of gross margins from all profit centers added together. Meanwhile, net farm income is determined by subtracting overhead costs from gross profit. Net farm income is the bottom line for a farm or ranch business.

  • Turnover is a measure of the size of the ranch business: the higher the turnover, the larger the business. Most increases in turnover add to overhead costs. As a result, you must budget through a proposed turnover increase to determine if it adds to, or subtracts from, total profits.

The Decision Process

The recommended process for increasing profits is to “get better before getting bigger.” A suggested procedure for “getting better” is outlined in Figure 2.

Only two management areas impact each point on the profit graph. Starting on the left side, profit is the difference between your business's overhead and gross margins. Any rancher wanting to increase his business profits needs to either increase gross margins or decrease overhead.

Gross margins can be increased by either increasing gross product or decreasing direct costs of production. Gross product can be increased either by selling for a higher price or increasing units produced. Selling for a higher price is done either by selling in a different market or marketing a different product. Increased production (from a beef cowherd) has to come from either increased reproduction or more gain on existing animals.

If your gross margins are maximized and you seek further improvement, look at reducing overhead costs. Do this by reducing either land costs or labor costs. If land costs are too high, it's because acquired land was over-priced compared to its productivity, or the costs of maintaining control over existing land are too high. If labor costs are too high, either the family living draw is too high or the equipment costs associated with existing labor are too high. Examples are having a pickup for each employee or having more tractors than drivers.

The reality is that ranchers managing in a drought seldom reduce overhead. In fact, a well-known financial consultant says that, among his clients, 15% of them carry unnecessary overhead. Cutting overhead is where I'd focus drought-management strategies.

If gross margins are maximized and there's no room to “get better” by reducing overhead, then “getting bigger” through increasing turnover is the most promising way to increase profits.

For ranchers who downsized as part of their drought strategy, increasing turnover (size) is a logical post-drought management strategy. There's no guarantee, however, that repopulation with relatively high-priced females financed with borrowed capital will add to overall business profits. Adding more cows only makes sense if you can generate high gross margins from them.

Ranchers with low gross margins on their beef cows will find that adding more females with borrowed money can lead to severe financial stress and challenge long-term survival. Budget your repopulation strategy through several years of expansion before signing the dotted line. Know your herd's gross margin before you add more females to the herd.

Tough Actions Are Called For

Most ranchers will spend most of their management energies looking at getting bigger rather than first getting better. When working to get better, look at the items on the far-right side of Figure 2 rather than the items on the left side. Changing the far-right items won't save a drought-impacted farm or ranch business in today's economic climate.

Today's times call for tough actions. If you're serious about putting your drought-affected ranch back in the black, get better before you get bigger. Working on gross margins and overhead is the best way. Only then should you look at increasing turnover by adding more cows.

Harlan Hughes is a North Dakota State University professor emeritus. He lives in Laramie, WY. Reach him at 701/238-9607 or [email protected].

Certified Hereford Beefs Up

National Beef has become a licensed packer for Certified Hereford Beef (CHB) as the branded program gears up its capability.

Kansas City-based National Beef, the fourth largest U.S. packer, began harvesting program-eligible Hereford and Hereford crossbred cattle through its Liberal, KS, plant on July 7. CHB says the packer's case-ready trim capabilities will allow them to offer greater flexibility and a wider product assortment to customers.

Other licensed CHB packer partners include Greater Omaha Packing Company and Swift & Company. The combination, CBH says, gives producers who would like to participate in the program a licensed packing plant in every major feeding area.

Currently, the CHB program provides product to more than 350 U.S. retail stores. Cattle in the program must meet American Hereford Association (AHA)-approved and USDA Certified live-animal and carcass quality standards before being certified and sold as branded beef.

Launched in 1995, CHB is a wholly owned subsidiary of AHA. The program moved 27.9 million pounds of boxed beef from the 99,249 carcasses certified in 2002.

Support Grows For Checkoff

Producer support for the beef checkoff grew by 3% in the latest Beef Producer Attitude Survey. Conducted by Aspen Media & Market Research and released in July, the survey found 63% of beef and dairy producers participating in the survey support the national self-help program.

That's a 3% increase in producer support since the January survey, and occurred despite up-and-down market conditions and extensive publicity about the ongoing checkoff litigation. What's more, fewer producers — a 5% drop from the January figure of 27% — disapproved of the checkoff in the July 2003 survey.

New Forage Analysis Test

A new test could provide forage analysis in hours rather than days. Remote sensing appears to be as accurate in determining forage nutrient data as conventional lab analysis. In fact, the data collected in the field by using a portable, light-wave reading machine, is ready for use in hours rather than the days it takes to get lab data.

The study, led by USDA Ag Research Service (ARS) scientists Patrick Starks and Samuel Coleman, concluded that remote sensing may eventually provide real-time quality assessment and nutritional landscape mapping of grazing lands. Current forage analysis uses near-infrared spectroscopy and chemical procedures that, while accurate and site-specific, are time-consuming.

Brahman Gets A Nod

A proposed change would add Brahman cattle to the “insurable” list for risk protection.

USDA's Risk Management Agency (RMA) was mandated under the Agricultural Risk Protection Act of 2000 to initiate pilot programs offering insurance guaranteeing a minimum price for feeder and fed cattle (See July issue of BEEF, “Price Insurance,” page 32 or visit our magazine archives at RMA's Livestock Risk Protection (LRP) offers coverage based on expected cash prices at the policy end date. Coverage levels range from 70-95% of the expected ending value. The Federal Crop Insurance Corporation subsidizes 13% of the producer's gross feeder and fed cattle premiums.

Feeder cattle refers to steers that will weigh 650-900 lbs. at the end of the insurance period. Heifers, and dairy or Brahman steers, are not eligible.

Following responses from the National Cattlemen's Beef Association and the American Brahma Breeders Association, the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) board of directors voted on Aug. 1 to send some LRP program revisions to outside expert reviewers.

The details of these revisions are still confidential under law but it appears there will be changes to the “insurable” definitions that will include cattle of predominantly Brahma breeding (and dairy breeding and heifers).

USDA is reportedly “very optimistic” that the proposed definition changes will be included in RMA's final rules. But even if they are approved by FCIC, they won't become effective for several months (possibly after Jan. 1) due to the administrative process.

New Products And Services

Longer-acting antibiotic

Tetradure 300 (oxytetracycline) Injection is a longer-acting prescription antibiotic from Merial. Labeled for cattle at high risk of bovine respiratory disease associated with Mannheimia (Pasteurella) haemolytica, the product provides therapeutic blood levels of the active ingredient for 7-8 days, compared with 2-4 days for other popular antibiotics.

Administered to more than 1 million cattle in Canada since 1998, its lower dosage rate of 9-13.6 mg./lb. of bodyweight provides broad-spectrum control of all major causes of BRD, as well as effective control of pinkeye and footrot. Available from veterinarians and labeled for use in beef, non-lactating dairy cattle and dairy calves, it can be administered SubQ, IM or by IV and requires no refrigeration or mixing.
(Circle Reply Card No. 102)

Utility Vehicle

Polaris' Ranger TM utility features an 18-hp, air-cooled, overhead valve engine. With a manually controlled lockable rear differential, an automotive-type receiver hitch and an 8-gal. fuel capacity, the Ranger TM can pull loads and implements up to 1,000 lbs., while boastings a payload capacity of 1,250 lbs. and more than 18 cu. ft. of carrying capacity.
(Circle Reply Card No. 107)

Fly Management

“Effective Fly Management” is an AMVAC Chemical Corporation management guide to assist cattlemen in controlling flies around confinement areas. The guide provides general fly biology, monitoring and prevention information and provides control options livestock producers can use in integrated pest management.
(Circle Reply Card No. 105)

Manure Spreader

Unverferth® Manufacturing's Model 6600 Better-Built® liquid manure spreader is available in both vacuum and slurry models and features a 6,600-gal. capacity and tri-axle, 6-wheel steerable undercarriage for enhanced operator control. Both vacuum and slurry models are available in PTO or hydraulic drive and can be fitted with width-adjustable 3- to 6-row injection units that attach directly to the tank frame.
(Circle Reply Card No. 103)

CAFO Video

The video, “Environmental Management Guide For Feedlots And Dairies,” explains all the important aspects of EPA's confined animal feeding operation (CAFO) environmental regulations. Hosted by humorist Baxter Black, the video describes how new CAFO regulations impact individual operations, and what is needed for regulatory compliance. The video applies to smaller, non-regulated animal feeding operations, with segments on manure and storm-water management, land application and record-keeping issues. For more info or to preview the video, visit
(Circle Reply Card No. 104)

Lice Control

Pro Brands, Ltd., introduces Provomec Pour-On (ivermectin) for cattle. Provomec is part of the Veterinarians Rx line of animal health products and boasts the best lice control guarantee on the market. The product will only be available through practicing veterinarians.
(Circle Reply Card No. 106)

BQA-Friendly 4-Way

Novartis Animal Vaccines, Inc. has received USDA license for Arsenal 4.1, a 4-way modified live vaccine for use in open beef and dairy cattle. Designed as an aid in preventing bovine virus diarrhea (BVD) Types 1 and 2, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, parainfluenza Type 3 and bovine respiratory syncytial virus, Arsenal 4.1 protects weaned calves against a broad spectrum of BVD viral strains, including the noncytopathic 1b strain. Available in 10- and 50-dose bottles, Arsenal 4.1 carries a subcutaneous-only label, and complements health programs supporting Beef Quality Assurance guidelines.
(Circle Reply Card No. 101)

Injectible Penicillin

Hanford Pharmaceuticals introduces G. Ultrapen (sterile penicillin G procaine), a new brand of injectible penicillin. Available in 100-, 250- and 500-ml package sizes, Ultrapen's trademarked suspension process improves its shelf life by 50% or up to three years.
(Circle Reply Card No. 108)