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Research Link of the Week

Week of March 24:
White Clover
Pasture and Range Management: Grasses and legumes
White clover is a cool-season legume and is one of the most nutritious forages available.

Week of March 17:
Cowboy Obstetrics: Assisting with calving
Calving Management: Assistance at Calving
Cowboy obstetrics: Knowing when and how to assist at calving can make a big difference in the calf crop from year to year.

Week of March 9:
Assisting the Beef Cow at Calving Time
Calving Management: Assistance at Calving
Six to 10% of all calves born in beef cow herd in the U.S. die at, or soon after birth. Here's a guide for cattle producers on why.

Week of March 3:
Beef Cattle Management Update
Breeding and Genetics
A review of the factors affecting cow size and profitability.

Week of February 25:
Composite Beef Breeds
Breeding and Genetics: Crossbreeding Systems
A composite breed is made up of at least two component breeds, designed to retain heterosis in future genetations without crossbreeding and maintaned as a purebred.

Week of February 18:
Ribeye Area Trends in Yearling Angus Bulls
Breeding and Genetics: Carcass Attributes
Yearling Angus bulls with heifer scan weights had larger ribeye areas.

Week of February 11:
Selecting the Herd Bull
Breeding and Genetics: Bull Selection
When you select your next bull, establish goals that emphasize those areas where greatest improvement is needed.

Week of February 4:
Selecting Beef Bulls
Breeding and Genetics: Bull Selection
Careful sire selection contributes more to genetic improvement in a beef herd than any other practice.

Week of January 28:
Heritability and Its Use in Animal Breeding
Breeding and Genetics: Selection Tools
Heritability estimates answer the question, 'How much advantage for a particular trait do superior animals transmit to their offspring?'

Week of January 21:
Caring for hypothermic (cold stressed) newborn beef calves
Calving Management: Assistance at Calving
Advice for care and treatment of hypothermic calves, also known as cold stressed calves.

Week of January 14:
Delaying calving and reducing winter feed costs: Case studies of Wyoming producers
Calving Management: General
Beef producers are always under pressure to reduce production costs and still deliver a consistent, high-quality product. Winterfeed represents a significant proportion of total operating costs for a livestock operation in the Northern Plains and the Intermountain West...

Week of December 24:
Effect of Hay Feeding Methods On Hay Waste & Wintering Costs
Harvested Forage/Feeding Management
Three hay feeding methods are evaluated for feed waste, cow performance, labor inputs and wintering costs.

Week of December 17:
Using Electric Fences To Protected Stored Hay From Elk & Deer
Harvested Forage/Feeding Management
Stored livestock feed can be damaged by feeding habits of deer and elk. Here's how farmers in British Columbia are keeping their feed store safe.

Week of December 10:
Toxic Contaminants In Harvested Forage
Harvested Forage/Feed Toxicity/Imbalance
Contamination can occur in harvested forage, resulting in reduced forage quality and palatability - and may even result in animal illness and death.

Week of December 3:
Calendars for Production/Health
Section: Beef Cow/Calf Herd Health Program Calendar
A comprehensive herd health program integrates medicine and management to prevent disease. Here's three things to consider for you’re herd's health.

Week of November 26:
Grazing Corn Residue
Section: Harvested Forage/Crop Residue
With more acres devoted to corn, grazing crop residue is an option for cattle producers. Here are some factors to consider.

Week of November 19:
Use Forage Test To Diagnose Management Problems
Section: Harvested Forage/Feeding Management
Forage tests are handy for balancing an animal's ration and detecting management problems in your livestock operation.

Week of November 12:
Beef Cow Herd Planning Calendar
Section: Calendars for Production/Health
A helpful reference of vaccination programs and protocol to consider for your cow-calf operation. It also includes a handy glossary of terms.

Week of November 5:
Economics of Sealing Horizontal Silos
Section: Harvested Forage/Silage Management
A few simple calculations allow producers to estimate the value of silage saved by sealing based on crop value, silo dimensions, material and labor.

Week of October 29:
Fall Vs. Spring Nitrogen Fertilization On Pasture
Section: Harvested Forage/Fertilizer
Researchers applied fertilizer in the fall and spring to see which boosted grass-based pasture performance.

Week of October 22:
Backgrounding Calves: Herd Health and Feeding
Section: Weaning Management/General
Herd health requirements and feeding for successful backgrounding of calves.

Week of October 15:
Automatic Livestock Waterers
Section: Facilities & Equipment/Water
A reliable, constant supply of good quality water is an essential part of any livestock enterprise. Here's points to consider when purchasing an automatic livestock waterer.

Week of October 8:
Working Chute: Option 2
Section: Facilities & Equipment/Handling
This leaflet outlines the construction details for a curved working chute equipped with blocking gate, access gate and catwalk.

Week of October 1:
Working Chute
Section: Facilities & Equipment/Handling
This leaflet outlines the construction details for a working chute equipped with blocking gate, access gate and catwalk.

Week of September 24:
Stationary Adjustment Loading Chute
Section: Facilities & Equipment/Handling
This chute plan shows rugged plank construction and pressure-treated post framework for permanence. The chute is 825 mm (2 ft 9 in.) wide and consists of a 3.6 m (12 ft) ramp section with an adjustable extension at the upper end. The ramp is of plank construction with cleats for better traction. A catwalk along the ramp makes it convenient to prod stubborn animals up the chute.

Week of September 17:
Animal Handling Tips
Section: Facilities & Equipment/Handling
What can you do to increase your level of safety when handling animals? While there is certainly no magical formula to be applied, common sense is a key ingredient. Understand how animals may respond to various situations, such as a narrow loading chute with shadows. This understanding should help avoid many potential accidents.

Week of September 10:
Animal Handling Safety Considerations
Section: Facilities & Equipment/Handling
Few farmers view livestock as a source of danger. Yet animal-related accidents cause numerous deaths and serious injuries each year. Seventeen percent of all farm injuries involved animals. Whether you are operating equipment or working with animals, taking a few precautions and observing safety rules can save you precious time, prevent injury, or even save your life.

Week of September 3:
Drought Proofing Farm Water Supplies
Section: Drought/Water
Drought reaffirms the value of recharging groundwater sources and providing back-up surface water supplies and wildlife habitat. Here are some drought proofing strategies and projects to prevent scarcity of water.

Week of August 27:
Rangeland Management Before, During and After Drought
Section: Drought/Grazing Management
It is obvious that when it comes to drought in the southwestern U.S., it is not a question if drought will occur, but rather when will it occur, how long will it last, and are you prepared? Livestock operators must plan for drought.

Week of August 20:
Nontraditional Forages as Emergency or Supplemental Feedstuffs (.pdf)
Section: Drought/Grasses and legumes
Despite the best plans, shortages of forage commonly occur. Drought, hail, early freeze, crop failure, harvest delays and unusually cold and wet winters can cause forage shortages. In response, producers may choose to buy the extra forage needed or sell livestock. But in many cases, it may be more economical to utilize nontraditional forages.

Week of August 13:
Fall Pasture Fertility Management After a Drought
Section: Drought/Forage management
Soil fertility plays a major role in fall pasture growth, the overwintering of the plants and the following spring’s production. At this time of year that you can give a helping hand to a pasture that is ailing from either being overgrazed, stressed by poor growing conditions or a combination of both.

Week of August 6:
Cow Culling - A Management Strategy to Stretch Limited Feed Supply
Section: Drought/Cull cow management
A systematic culling of beef cows can aid beef producers in stretching a limited winter feed supply. Brood cows are the greatest consumers of feed in cow-calf operations.

Week of July 16:
Economics of Grazing or Haying Emergency-Released Conservation Reserve Program Land
Section: Drought/Business Management

When CRP land is available for harvesting, producers must consider whether it is economical to do so and by what method. If feed supplies are not limited, a producer should compare the costs of grazing or haying CRP land to purchasing feedstuffs on an Animal Unit Month (AUM) basis.